What is Exfoliation?
Our skin naturally sheds dead skin cells every 30 days. However, sometimes these dead cells don't shed completely, which can lead to dry, flaky skin and clogged pores.
Exfoliation is the process of removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. It's often the most overlooked and yet important part of a skincare routine. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, exfoliation can leave your skin looking brighter and improve the effectiveness of our skincare treatments.
Exfoliation can be done using physical or chemical methods.
Physical exfoliation uses a scrub or other abrasive substance to manually remove dead skin cells. This can be done with a washcloth, a brush, or a product that contains beads or other sloughing agents.
Chemical exfoliation uses acids to dissolve the "glue" that holds dead skin cells together, causing them to slough away naturally. The most common chemical exfoliators are alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs).
AHAs are water-soluble acids that work on the surface of the skin. They are commonly derived from fruits, such as glycolic acid from sugarcane and lactic acid from milk. AHAs can help to improve the appearance of wrinkles, age spots, and sun damage and help you look younger.
4 reasons to exfoliate:
1. Reduce Breakouts
Helps to reduce the occurrence of acne and blackhead breakouts. Acne-prone skin sheds extra skin cells more than other skin types, but the cells do not go away. Instead, they stick to the skin, clogging pores and hair follicles. As dead cell debris builds, the skin produces excess follicle oils—which leads to blackheads and blemishes.
2. Large pores appear smaller
Along with dead cells, exfoliating also removes thedirt stuck deep inside your pores. Washing your skin alone will not accomplish this. When pores become clogged, they appear larger. By decongesting your pores through exfoliation, they will appear smaller (cleaner) and allow your skin a healthy radiant glow.
3. Reduce appearance of wrinkles
As we age, our skin becomes drier and loses elasticity, which can result in the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Texture changes occur as well, skin feels rougher. This is because of the multiple layers of dead skin cells that accumulate over time. Exfoliating restores brilliance to mature skin. It also helps to lighten and brighten age and sun damage.
4. Accelerates absorption of Serums and Moisturizers
Skin that has been exfoliated allows for better absorption of the active ingredients in our serums and moisturizers because pores are not blocked with layers of dead cells and debris. Moisturizers hydrate better and makeup application is easier over clean, smooth skin. It's not wonder exfoliation can help us look younger.